Acronyms and Abbreviations

ACRONYMS / ABBREVIATIONS

MBM Mountains Beyond Mountains

WHO - World Health Organization - The public health agency for the United Nations. It both monitors disease outbreaks and assesses the performance of the diverse health systems around the world. It was established in 1948 and is based in Geneva, Switzerland.

AMC - Area of Moral Clarity – The area when what is right, ethically, is obvious even though the processes are more clouded and difficult to determine.

O for the P - Preferential Option for the Poor. Stemming from the Catholic social perspective, this moral principle holds that a special dispensation is necessary in distributing justice for poor and vulnerable persons. The "poor" includes, but is not limited to, those who are economically deprived. Its roots are biblical in nature, as God calls us to be “advocates for the voiceless and the powerless among us”.

H of G - Hermeneutic of Generosity. An ethical principle where we first believe human beings to be moral and upright, and our first intention is to interpret their actions positively, even though they may say and do things that at seem to negate that.

DQ - Drama Queen; the sensationalizing of a problem or situation.

TBMI - Transnational Bureaucrats Managing Inequality; many people handling inequality in a cold and inhumane manner, intellectual, callous.

TB - Tuberculosis; the predominant TB organism of which is Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. It is transmitted by airborne droplets, usually caused by sneezing or coughing. This bacterium normally affects the respiratory system. Factors which may expedite the spread of TB are poor nutrition, unsafe housing, inadequate sanitation, lack of medical care, and the unavailability of antibiotics.

HIV - Human Immunodeficiency Virus; the harbinger of AIDS.

MDR - Multi Drug Resistant.

DOTS - Directly Observed Treatment or Therapy.

PIH - Partners in Health. A Boston, Massachusetts based non-profit health care organization dedicated to providing care to the poor. Their focus is predominantly in international areas.

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